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Posts Tagged ‘Log4J’

PostHeaderIcon How to unit test Logger calls?

Case

Sometimes, you need test the Log4J’s loggers are called with the right parameters. How to perform these tests from with JUnit?

Let’s take an example: how to test these simple class and method?

public class ClassWithLogger {
    private static final Logger LOGGER = Logger.getLogger(ClassWithLogger.class);

    public void printMessage(Integer foo){
        LOGGER.warn("this is the message#" + foo);
    }
}

Example

Define an almost empty Log4J appender, such as:

public class TestAimedAppender extends ArrayList<String> implements Appender {
    private final Class clazz;

    public TestAimedAppender(Class clazz) {
        super();
        this.clazz = clazz;
    }

    @Override
    public void addFilter(Filter newFilter) {
    }

    @Override
    public Filter getFilter() {
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public void clearFilters() {
    }

    public void close() {
    }

    @Override
    public void doAppend(LoggingEvent event) {
        add(event.getRenderedMessage());
    }

    @Override
    public String getName() {
        return "TestAppender for " + clazz.getSimpleName();
    }

    @Override
    public void setErrorHandler(ErrorHandler errorHandler) {
    }

    @Override
    public ErrorHandler getErrorHandler() {
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public void setLayout(Layout layout) {
    }

    @Override
    public Layout getLayout() {
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public void setName(String name) {
    }

    public boolean requiresLayout() {
        return false;
    }
}

Then create a TestCase with two fields:

public class ClassWithLoggerUnitTest {
    private ClassWithLogger classWithLogger;
    private TestAimedAppender appender;
...
}

In the setup, remove all appenders, create an instance of our appender, and then add it to the logger related to the class which we want to test:

    @Before
    public void setUp() throws Exception {
        final Logger classWithLoggerLogger = Logger.getLogger(ClassWithLogger.class);
        classWithLoggerLogger.removeAllAppenders();
        appender = new TestAimedAppender(ClassWithLogger.class);
        classWithLoggerLogger.addAppender(appender);
        appender.clear();

        classWithLogger = new ClassWithLogger();
    }

Then write the following test. The code is documented:

    @Test
    public void testPrintMessage() throws Exception {
        final String expectedMessage = "this is the message#18";

        // empty the appender
        appender.clear();
        // check it is actually empty before any call to the tested class
        assertTrue(appender.isEmpty());

        // call to the tested class
        classWithLogger.printMessage(18);

        // check the appender is no more empty
        assertFalse(appender.isEmpty());
        assertEquals(1, appender.size());
        // check the content of the appender
        assertEquals(expectedMessage, appender.get(0));

    }

Conclusion

This basic example shows how to perform tests on logger, without overriding the original code or using mocks. Of course, you can improve this basic example, for instance in discriminating owing to the log level (INFO, WARN, ERROR, etc.), use generics, and even any other fantasy ;-).

PostHeaderIcon How to attach a single class to a Log4J appender?

The issue looks simple, but I needed a little search.

Case

I have a log4j config file, with three appenders: INFO, console and trace. I have to add a brand new appender (let’s say: JonathanNewAppender) that will log the events of only one class (let’s say: JonathanComponent). How to configure Log4J to perform that?

Solution

Edit the log4j.properties file.
Do not change the property log4j.rootCategory, do not mention JonathanNewAppender.

log4j.rootCategory=INFO, console, trace

Add the properties of the appender, for instance: Donner les proprietes de l’appender:

log4j.appender.JonathanNewAppender=org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.JonathanNewAppender.Append=true
log4j.appender.JonathanNewAppender.File=logs/prsl-sent-and-received.csv
log4j.appender.JonathanNewAppender.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.JonathanNewAppender.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{dd MMM yyyy HH:mm:ss}%m%n
log4j.appender.JonathanNewAppender.threshold=INFO

And here is the trick: add the log level and the actual appender for the new class.

log4j.logger.my.package.name.JonathanComponent=INFO, JonathanNewAppender

Indeed, the only field of a logger to be mandatory is the log level. When the appender is specified, it will be taked in account. Otherwise, the logger will be attached all the appenders available in log4j.rootCategory property.

PostHeaderIcon Useful DTD

DTDs are useful when your XML editor take them in account: detecting errors, suggestions, complete statements… For instance, I save much time with IntelliJ IDEA automatic completion ; unlike, Eclipse amazingly does not implement this feature.

Here is a list of some widely used DTDs:

File DTD
weblogic-application.xml
<!DOCTYPE weblogic-application PUBLIC "-//BEA Systems, Inc.//DTD WebLogic Application 7.0.0//EN" "http://www.oracle.com/technology/weblogic/weblogic-application/1.1/weblogic-application.xsd">
weblogic-application.xml
<!DOCTYPE weblogic-application PUBLIC "-//BEA Systems, Inc.//DTD WebLogic Application 7.0.0//EN" "http://www.oracle.com/technology/weblogic/weblogic-application/1.1/weblogic-application.xsd">
web.xml
<!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
 "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd" >
*.hbm.xml
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN" "http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd">
GWT modules
<!DOCTYPE module SYSTEM "http://google-web-toolkit.googlecode.com/svn/trunk/distro-source/core/src/gwt-module.dtd">
GWT UI
<!DOCTYPE ui:UiBinder SYSTEM "http://dl.google.com/gwt/DTD/xhtml.ent">
Tangosol / Oracle Coherence
<!DOCTYPE coherence SYSTEM "coherence.dtd">
Log4J
<!DOCTYPE log4j:configuration SYSTEM "log4j.dtd">

Tangosol and Log4J DTDs are included within their distribution JARs: you have to extract them or to give their path to IntelliJ IDEA.

PostHeaderIcon java.io.NotSerializableException: org.apache.log4j.Logger

Case

I use Oracle Coherence (Tangosol) as distributed cache for a given class. This class contains a non-static Log4J’s Logger as field.
(what a Logger does in an “POJO” is not obvious and requires further development ; let’s say it is used during the development phase, but has nothing to do in a POJO and should be removed later).
When Tangosol tries to put the object in cache, I get this error:

java.io.NotSerializableException: org.apache.log4j.Logger

Complete stacktrace

java.io.NotSerializableException: org.apache.log4j.Logger
        at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1156)
        at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.defaultWriteFields(ObjectOutputStream.java:1509)
        at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeSerialData(ObjectOutputStream.java:1474)
        at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeOrdinaryObject(ObjectOutputStream.java:1392)
        at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject0(ObjectOutputStream.java:1150)
        at java.io.ObjectOutputStream.writeObject(ObjectOutputStream.java:326)
        at com.tangosol.util.ExternalizableHelper.writeSerializable(ExternalizableHelper.java:2181)
        at com.tangosol.util.ExternalizableHelper.writeObjectInternal(ExternalizableHelper.java:2603)
        at com.tangosol.util.ExternalizableHelper.serializeInternal(ExternalizableHelper.java:2529)
        at com.tangosol.util.ExternalizableHelper.toBinary(ExternalizableHelper.java:206)
        at com.tangosol.coherence.component.util.daemon.queueProcessor.service.grid.DistributedCache$ConverterValueToBinary.convert(DistributedCache.CDB:3)
        at com.tangosol.util.ConverterCollections$ConverterMap.put(ConverterCollections.java:1566)
        at com.tangosol.coherence.component.util.daemon.queueProcessor.service.grid.DistributedCache$ViewMap.put(DistributedCache.CDB:1)
        at com.tangosol.coherence.component.util.SafeNamedCache.put(SafeNamedCache.CDB:1)
        at com.lalou.jonathan.business.cache.TypedEhCache.put(TypedEhCache.java:73)
        at com.lalou.jonathan.business.cache.TypedEhCache.setInCache(TypedEhCache.java:58)
        at com.lalou.jonathan.business.StringToRequestListTransformer.transform(JonathanTransformer.java:104)
        at org.mule.transformer.AbstractMessageAwareTransformer.doTransform(AbstractMessageAwareTransformer.java:68)
        at org.mule.transformer.AbstractTransformer.transform(AbstractTransformer.java:254)
        at org.mule.DefaultMuleMessage.applyAllTransformers(DefaultMuleMessage.java:621)
        at org.mule.DefaultMuleMessage.applyTransformers(DefaultMuleMessage.java:582)
        at org.mule.DefaultMuleMessage.applyTransformers(DefaultMuleMessage.java:575)
        at org.mule.DefaultMuleEvent.transformMessage(DefaultMuleEvent.java:326)
        at org.mule.DefaultMuleEvent.transformMessage(DefaultMuleEvent.java:321)
        at org.mule.component.simple.PassThroughComponent.doInvoke(PassThroughComponent.java:27)
        at org.mule.component.AbstractComponent.invokeInternal(AbstractComponent.java:133)
        at org.mule.component.AbstractComponent.invoke(AbstractComponent.java:161)
        at org.mule.service.AbstractService.invokeComponent(AbstractService.java:929)
        at org.mule.model.seda.SedaService.access$100(SedaService.java:56)
        at org.mule.model.seda.SedaService$ComponentStageWorker.run(SedaService.java:574)
        at org.mule.work.WorkerContext.run(WorkerContext.java:310)
        at edu.emory.mathcs.backport.java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1061)
        at edu.emory.mathcs.backport.java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:575)
        at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:619)

Fix

Declare the Logger as static:

private final Logger LOG = Logger.getLogger(CsvFileObject.class);

In my case, the issue was fixed. If it is not, try to declare the Logger as static transient, I assume it could help.